Electrical muscle stimulation, also called EMS, is a type of therapy in which electrical impulses are generated by a machine and travel through electrodes on the patient's skin and then into their muscles. The electrical impulses mimic the central nervous system's impulses and cause the muscle to contract. Usually, electrical muscle stimulation is used in therapeutic applications, but some athletes use it for sports training purposes as well.
Reasons to Use Electrical Muscle Stimulation:
EMS can be used for a variety of reasons including increasing blood circulation to the muscles, relaxing muscle spasms, prevention of muscle atrophy in patients unable to use parts of their body, prevention of venous thrombosis after surgery, and increasing range of motion.